Technological advancements in fodder production: a review
Keywords:BN hybrid, Dinanath grass, Guinea grass, hitech farming, system approach
Livestock is a sub-sector of agriculture that plays an important role not only in the Indian economy but also in national nutritional security, particularly for small and marginal farmers. But the production potential of our animals is not comparable with that of the global average due to many reasons, feed and fodder deficiency being the major one. The feed shortage in India is due to the unavailability of land for quality fodder cultivation. Thus, there is a burning need to adopt innovative methods not only in production but also in the preservation of fodder. Unconventional methods in fodder production, including seed technology, system approaches, hi-tech farming and adopting mechanization in fodder production, can be considered for their advancement. Being the leader in cattle and buffalo populations and increasing livestock populations, current fodder production in our country is not able to meet the requirement. Improved technology in fodder preservation, including technical interventions in hay and silage like supplementation with additives for quality hay and silage, preserving as haylage and balage and making dehydrated products like pellets and cubes, can also be considered for increasing quality fodder production and utilization. Land under fodder cultivation is static and has little scope for expansion due to reduced per capita availability and human priorities. So, technological advancements both in the production and preservation of fodder should essentially be adopted to fight against fodder scarcity.
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