The Journal of Rural Advancement http://jra.idtra.co.in/index.php/jra <p>The Journal of Rural Advancement (JRA) (ISSN: 2347-2561 (P) and 2583-6102 (E) RNI No.: UPENG03889/2013) is published, twice a year i.e. in April and October in the English language since 2013. JRA is published by (as an Official publication), the Institute for Development of Technology for Rural Advancement (IDTRA) run by D<span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">TRA Trust (Established in 2010; Registration No. 102/2010), Vrindavan, Distt. Mathura-281121 (U.P.) INDIA, a professional body dedicated to rural advancement. The journal started in the print version but now it is also available in the electronic version. </span></p> <p><strong><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Indexing</span></strong></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">The serial is a CAB International-indexed journal. </span></p> <p><strong><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Licensing Statement</span></strong></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">The content of articles may be quoted by the users if they give due credit to the authors (CC BY). </span></p> <p><strong><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Multi-dimensionality</span></strong></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">The Journal of Rural Advancement addresses the multi-dimensions of rural life including the aspects of agriculture, culture, economics, education, finance, health, philosophy, planning, policies, politics, science, society, welfare, etc.</span></p> <p><strong><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Open access</span></strong></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">The journal is open access to all. </span></p> UPENG03889/2013 en-US The Journal of Rural Advancement 2347-2561 Phytochemistry, medicinal uses of the common food mung bean (Vigna radiata) http://jra.idtra.co.in/index.php/jra/article/view/69 <p><em>The seeds and sprouts of green gram (Vigna radiata), a popular food, contain ample nutrients with biological properties. This review offers an understanding of the nutritional worth of green grams and their sprouts, discussing chemical components that have been isolated in recent years, such as flavonoids, phenolic acids, organic acids, amino acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Additionally, we also summarize fluctuating changes in metabolites during the sprouting process and associated biological properties, including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, blood pressure-lowering, lipid metabolism regulation, blood pressure-lowering, and anti-cancer effects, etc., with the aim of providing scientific proof for improved utilization of this commonly consumed food as a remedy.</em></p> Awadhesh Kishore Jai Dev Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 The Journal of Rural Advancement 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 11 2 102 116 Therapeutic properties of milk from goats (Capra hircus) http://jra.idtra.co.in/index.php/jra/article/view/1 <p>The goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is an economically accessible animal and was the first animal to be domesticated. The ample nutritional and health benefits of goat milk are the paramount factors that drew consumers to use goat milk and milk products as functional foods. The superior digestibility of goat milk is the key factor that led to the extensive usage of goat milk as an alternative to cow milk for infants who suffer from the shortage of mother’s milk. Goat milk demonstrated positive health effects, viz., immunomodulating, immunity boosting, anti-allergic, antiatherogenic, anti-carcinogenic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and anti-mucousal, lactose intolerance, dengue viral fever overcoming, heart health, nutrient uptake enhancing, prebiotic supplementing and ultra-nourishing.</p> Awadhesh Kishore Pravin Kumar Copyright (c) 2023 The Journal of Rural Advancement 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 11 2 124 134 Digital divide and empowerment of farm women http://jra.idtra.co.in/index.php/jra/article/view/54 <p>This paper delves into the intricate nexus between the digital divide and the empowerment of farm women in rural India, elucidating the often-overlooked contributions of these women to agriculture. Despite their pivotal role, entrenched patriarchal norms and limited access to resources hinder their economic agency. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization under-scores the potential 20–30% global farm yield increases with gender-equitable resource access. The Indian government's "Digital India" initiative aims to bridge this gap, yet its success pivots on empowering farm women digitally. The paper navigates the challenges posed by the digital divide—ranging from inadequate internet connectivity to high technological costs—identifying them as barriers to farm women's participation in the digital landscape. Strategies for empowerment, such as enhancing internet connectivity, providing digital literacy, and developing agricultural applications, are expounded. Drawing on studies from Nigeria and India, the impact of the digital divide on farm women's economic activities and decision-making is scrutinized. The abstract underscores the imperative of targeted collaborative efforts to surmount the digital gap, crucial for propelling sustainable and inclusive rural development and realizing gender equality in agriculture.</p> Kirti B.L. Dhaka Pankaj Kumar Ojha Copyright (c) 2024 The Journal of Rural Advancement 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 11 2 85 92 Pharmacological and formulation studies on growth hormone: in-vivo and in-vitro http://jra.idtra.co.in/index.php/jra/article/view/57 <p>Human growth hormone (HGH), also known as somatotropin, Growth hormone is indicated in many diseases, like Prader-Willi syndrome, chronic renal insufficiency, Tuner syndrome, AIDS-related wasting, idiopathic short stature in children, and the accumulation of fat in adults with lipodystrophy. A number of carriers have been utilized to carry drugs to target tissues, which include immunoglobulins, serum proteins, synthetic polymers, lipid vesicles, microspheres, niosomes, etc. In this study, in-vivo somatotropin was estimated by ultraviolet spectroscopy, and blood plasma showed an absorption maximum at 214 nm. In-vitro preparation of niosomes by hand shaking method, reverse phase evaporation method, and ether injection method. The niosomal formulation of somatotropin has proven to be highly effective in inducing growth as compared to the existing marketed formulations of somatotropin. As a result, growth hormone can now be synthesized by Escherichia coli bacteria as a result of the successful application of recombinant DNA technology. Therefore, this hormone is now beginning to become available in sufficient quantities for treatment purposes. The niosomal formulation of somatotropin has proven to be highly effective in inducing growth as compared to the existing marketed formulations of somatotropin.</p> Karishma Gautam Pavan Gautam Copyright (c) 2023 The Journal of Rural Advancement 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 11 2 93 101 The Present Scenario of Household Food and Nutritional Security http://jra.idtra.co.in/index.php/jra/article/view/50 <p>This paper provides a nuanced analysis of the current state of household food and nutritional security in India, examining historical perspectives, policy interventions, and the pivotal role of agriculture. Despite notable strides in reducing severe undernutrition, seasonal food insecurity persists in specific regions, necessitating targeted strategies. Emphasizing the integral connection between agriculture and food security, the paper advocates for increased production, resource efficiency, and gender-inclusive policies. Noteworthy attention is given to the role of women in agriculture and the existing gender disparities. The importance of household food security as a precursor to nutritional well-being is underscored, prompting recommendations for nutrition-oriented agriculture, food diversification, and tailored interventions for vulnerable populations. Furthermore, the abstract highlights the imperative of enhancing food quality and safety measures and advancing nutrition education. The conclusion calls for collaborative efforts from policymakers, researchers, and stakeholders to address the multidimensional challenges and ensure sustainable solutions in the dynamic landscape of food and nutrition security.</p> Pankaj Kumar Ojha Saurabh Copyright (c) 2023 The Journal of Rural Advancement 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 11 2 117 123 The vital role of growth hormone in control of the COVID-19 pandemic era http://jra.idtra.co.in/index.php/jra/article/view/58 <p>The COVID-19 pandemic is a worldwide pandemic challenge that started in China and spread to almost all countries. The causative virus was identified as highly contagious and, until now, significantly difficult to contain. Global epidemiological distribution has raised several questions whose answers could help us understand the behavior of the virus and consequently lead us to possible means of limiting its spread. Growth hormone (GH) secretion declines by approximately 15% for every decade of adult life in people after 30 years of age. Data from highly affected rural areas suggest a more aggressive course in the elderly, a double-time affection of males more than females. The deficiency of GH is a common sign in all susceptible patient groups. The role of GH in the exclusive epidemiological outline of the COVID-19 pandemic is vital so that it might help in the early identification and management of high-risk rural groups as appropriate.</p> Karishma Gautam Pavan Gautam Copyright (c) 2023 The Journal of Rural Advancement 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 11 2 135 144